Artesian well what is

What is an artesian well?

An artesian well is a structure built to capture groundwater naturally, without the need for pumping. This type of well is pierced in layers of permeable rocks, called aquifers, which store water inside.

How does an artesian well work?

An artesian well works through the natural pressure of groundwater. When drilling reaches the aquifer, water begins to flow to the surface spontaneously due to the pressure difference between the inside of the well and the aquifer.

To ensure the quality of water captured, it is important to perform periodic analyzes and keep the well in good condition. In addition, it is necessary to obtain proper licenses and authorizations for drilling and using the well.

Advantages of the artesian well

The use of an artesian well has several advantages, such as:

  1. Constant and independent water supply of public networks;
  2. Reduction of water costs, especially in areas where supply is scarce;
  3. Quality water, free of chemicals used in the treatment of water;
  4. Contribution to the preservation of water resources, since water is captured sustainably.

Maintenance of an artesian well

Maintaining an artesian well is essential to ensure its proper functioning and the quality of water captured. Some important precautions include:

  • Perform periodic analyzes of water;
  • Clean and disinfect the well regularly;
  • Check and repair possible leaks;
  • Keep the area around the contamination free well;
  • Hire specialized professionals to perform maintenance.


The artesian well is an excellent option for water supply in areas where access to public network is limited. In addition to ensuring a constant water supply, the artesian well contributes to the preservation of water resources and offers quality water. However, it is essential to perform proper maintenance of the well to ensure its proper functioning and the safety of the captured water.

Scroll to Top