Cerrado Information

Information about the cerrado

Cerrado is a Brazilian biome of extreme importance for biodiversity and for the maintenance of natural resources. In this blog, we will explore more about this unique ecosystem and its characteristics.

Cerrado Characteristics

Cerrado is the second largest biome in South America, occupying about 22% of the Brazilian territory. It is known for its typical vegetation, composed of low trees, shrubs and grasses. Despite being considered a savannah, the Cerrado houses a great diversity of species, many of them endemic.


Cerrado is one of the most rich biodiversity biomes in the world. There are more than 10,000 plant species, 837 bird species, 120 mammalian species and 150 reptile species. In addition, the cerrado houses a large amount of endemic species, that is, which are only found in this biome.

Importance of Cerrado

The Cerrado plays a key role in maintaining natural resources and climate regulation. Its trees and vegetation help to prevent soil erosion, contributing to the conservation of water resources. In addition, the Cerrado is responsible for housing several springs of important rivers, such as the São Francisco River.


Despite its importance, the Cerrado is one of the most threatened biomes in Brazil. Agricultural expansion, livestock and urbanization have caused the degradation and loss of cerrado areas. Therefore, it is essential to promote the conservation of this biome and seek sustainable alternatives for the development of the region.

Curiosities about the Cerrado

  1. The cerrado houses the largest number of plant species with medicinal properties in Brazil.
  2. Some species of Cerrado tree have fire resistant peels, allowing them to survive frequent fires.
  3. The cerrado is home to several species of endangered animals, such as the maned wolf and the gage anteater.


Cerrado is a unique and extremely important biome for biodiversity and for the maintenance of natural resources. Its conservation is fundamental to ensure the survival of endemic species and for climate regulation. We need to make awareness and promote actions aimed at preserving this rich and threatened ecosystem.

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