Corpus Christi Holiday What is

What is the Corpus Christi holiday?

Corpus Christi’s holiday is a Christian commemorative date that celebrates the presence of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist. The word “corpus Christi” comes from Latin and means “body of Christ.” On this day, the faithful Catholics celebrate the institution of the Eucharist during the last supper of Jesus with their disciples.

Origin and History of Holiday

Corpus Christi’s holiday was instituted in the thirteenth century by Pope Urban IV, in response to a Eucharistic miracle in the city of Bolsena, Italy. According to tradition, a priest doubted the real presence of Jesus in the consecrated host during the Mass. During the celebration, the host began to bleed, convincing the priest and the faithful of the veracity of Christ’s presence in the Eucharist.

From this miracle, Pope Urban IV instituted the feast of Corpus Christi, which became an important religious holiday for the Catholic Church. The celebration was made official in 1264, with the publication of the papal bull “Transiturus of Hoc World”. Since then, the holiday has been celebrated every year on Thursday following the Holy Trinity Sunday, which occurs 60 days after Easter.

How is the Corpus Christi holiday celebrated?

Corpus Christi’s holiday is celebrated in different ways around the world. In many cities, a solemn procession is performed, in which the Blessed Sacrament is taken in procession through the streets, accompanied by faithful, clerics and religious authorities. During the procession, colorful sawdust rugs, flowers and other materials are made, forming religious designs and symbols.

In addition to the procession, churches usually hold special masses and moments of worship of the Blessed Sacrament. It is a day of great devotion and reflection for Catholics, who believe in the real presence of Jesus in the Eucharist.

Curiosities about the Corpus Christi holiday

  1. The Corpus Christi holiday is celebrated in several countries, such as Brazil, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Poland, among others.
  2. In Brazil, the Corpus Christi holiday is considered one of the most important in the religious and civil calendar.
  3. The tradition of making colored sawdust rugs during the Corpus Christi procession originated in Portugal and was brought to Brazil by the colonizers.
  4. In some Brazilian cities, such as Ouro Preto and São João Del-Rei, in Minas Gerais, Corpus Christi processions are famous for the beauty and richness of the rugs.


Corpus Christi’s holiday is an important date for Catholics, who celebrate the presence of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist. Through processions, masses and moments of worship, the faithful express their devotion and faith in the real presence of Christ in the consecrated host. It is a moment of reflection and spiritual renewal for Catholics around the world.

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