Explain what was the Renaissance

The Renaissance: an age of renewal and transformation

The Renaissance was a historical period marked by an intense cultural, artistic, scientific and intellectual transformation that occurred in Europe between the fourteenth and 16th centuries. Also known as Renaissance, this movement had as its main objective to rescue the values ​​of classical antiquity and promote a new look at the world.

Historical Context

Renaissance began in Italy, more specifically in the cities of Florence, Rome and Venice, where wealth and trade flourished. These cities have become true centers of artistic and intellectual production, attracting artists, philosophers, scientists and scholars from various areas.

This period was marked by the end of the Middle Ages and the transition to the Modern Age. During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church had great power over society, and knowledge was restricted to monasteries and religious institutions. With the Renaissance, there was a break with this worldview, and knowledge came to be valued and sought more broadly.

Main Characteristics

Renaissance was marked by several characteristics that made it a unique period in history. Among the main ones, stand out:

  1. Valorization of the human being: Renaissance brought a new view of the human being, placing it as the center of the universe. The appreciation of the individual and his intellectual and artistic abilities was one of the great marks of this period.
  2. Rescue of classical culture: Renaissance sought to rescue the values ​​of classical antiquity, such as Greek philosophy, Roman literature and Greco-Roman art. They studied and translated old works, seeking inspiration in these knowledge.
  3. Scientific Development: During the Renaissance, there was a great scientific advance, with the valorization of observation and experimentation. Big names like Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo Galilei contributed to the development of science during this period.
  4. Realistic art: Renaissance art was marked by the search for the faithful representation of reality. The artists sought to portray nature and the human being precisely and detailed, using techniques such as perspective and clear-school.

Renaissance Legacy

The Renaissance left a lasting legacy in the history of humanity. His ideas and values ​​influenced not only art and science, but also politics, religion and the way we see the world to this day.

The valorization of human being and knowledge, the pursuit of freedom of thought and the valorization of classical culture are some of the main legacies of the Renaissance. In addition, the period was also responsible for boosting great scientific discoveries and technological advances that revolutionized society.

Renaissance was a period of renewal and transformation that marked the transition between the Middle Ages and the Modern Age. Its influence can still be felt today, being a true milestone in the history of humanity.

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