Geriatrics what and

Geriatrics: What is and how it works?

Geriatrics is a medical specialty that is dedicated to the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the elderly. It covers various areas of medicine, such as medical clinic, cardiology, neurology, among others.

How does geriatrics work?

Geriatrics has as its main objective to promote the health and well-being of the elderly, preventing and treating diseases that are most common in this age group. The geriatrician is the doctor specialized in this area and is responsible for performing a complete assessment of the patient, taking into consideration not only physical aspects, but also emotional, social and functional.

The geriatra uses a multidisciplinary approach, working in conjunction with other health professionals, such as physical therapists, psychologists, nutritionists, among others. Thus, it is possible to offer integral care to the elderly, considering all their needs and particularities.

Main areas of expertise of Geriatrics

Geriatrics covers several areas of action, some of them are:

  • Medical Clinic: Diagnosis and treatment of common diseases in the elderly, such as diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis, among others;
  • Cardiology: prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease;
  • Neurology: Diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson;
  • Rehabilitation: Recovery and rehabilitation of elderly after surgeries or diseases;
  • Palliative Care: Care focused on symptom relief and improved quality of life in patients with advanced and incurable diseases;
  • Preventive medicine: disease prevention and health promotion in the elderly.

Importance of Geriatrics

Geriatrics is extremely important, as the aging of the population is a reality in several countries. With increasing life expectancy, it is essential to offer proper care to the elderly, ensuring that they have a healthy and quality life.

In addition, Geriatrics also contribute to disease prevention and health promotion in the elderly, avoiding complications and improving the quality of life. The geriatra is the professional trained to identify and treat specific health problems of this age group, as well as offer personalized guidelines and care.


Geriatrics is a fundamental medical specialty for the care and well-being of the elderly. With a multidisciplinary approach, the geriatra works in conjunction with other health professionals to offer full and personalized care to patients. Through the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, geriatrics contribute to the elderly to have a healthy and quality life.

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