Google what is democracy

What is democracy?

Democracy is a system of government in which power is exercised by the people through direct or indirect participation in political decision making. It is a political regime that is based on equal rights and freedom of expression, where citizens have the right to choose their representatives and to actively participate in the political life of the country.

Characteristics of Democracy

Democracy has some fundamental characteristics, such as:

  • Popular participation: citizens have the right to participate in political decisions, whether through vote, manifestations or other forms of expression.
  • Respect for human rights: democracy guarantees the protection of the fundamental rights of individuals, such as freedom of expression, association and manifestation.
  • Rule of Law: Laws are applied equally to all citizens, including rulers, guaranteeing justice and equality before the law.
  • Political pluralism: there are different political parties and ideologies, allowing the diversity of opinions and political competition.

Types of Democracy

There are different types of democracy, such as:

  1. Direct democracy: citizens participate directly in political decisions, without the need for representatives.
  2. Representative Democracy: citizens elect representatives who make political decisions on their behalf.
  3. Semi -Direct Democracy: combines elements of direct and representative democracy, allowing popular participation in certain political decisions.

The Importance of Democracy

Democracy is fundamental to guarantee freedom, equality and justice in a society. It allows citizens to have an active voice in political decision making, contributing to the construction of a fairer and more inclusive country. In addition, democracy promotes the transparency and accountability of the rulers, avoiding abuses of power and corruption.

Curiosities about democracy

You knew that:

  • The word “democracy” has Greek origin: it is formed by the terms “demos” (people) and “kratos” (government).
  • Modern democracy originated in ancient Greece: Athens was one of the first cities to adopt a democratic system in the 5th century BC
  • Democracy is a constantly evolving system: throughout history, different countries and cultures have developed their own forms of democracy, adapted to their realities.


Democracy is an essential system of government to ensure people’s participation and representativeness in political decisions. It promotes equality, freedom and justice, contributing to the development of fairer and more inclusive societies. It is important to value and defend democratic principles, always seeking to improve and strengthen this system so important to our society.

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