group of countries that form the BRICS.

BRICS Group: A strategic partnership between emerging countries

BRICS is an acronym that represents a group of countries formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. These emerging nations have come together to strengthen their economies and increase their global influence.


BRICS was created in 2001, initially as BRIC, with the adhesion of South Africa in 2010, was called BRICS. The group emerged as a response to the growing economic importance of these countries in the world scenario.

BRICS’s main objective is to promote cooperation among its members in various areas, such as economics, commerce, politics, science and technology. In addition, the group seeks to strengthen its position in international negotiations and defend common interests.

Main characteristics of BRICS countries

Each BRICS country has unique characteristics and contributes differently to the group:

  • Brazil: largest economy in Latin America, especially agricultural production, industry and services.
  • Russia: major oil and natural gas producer, as well as having an advanced military industry.
  • India: second largest population in the world, with growing and prominent savings in the information technology sector.
  • China: largest economy in the world, with expressive industrial production and great influence on global trade.
  • South Africa: largest economy in Africa, especially mining and the financial sector.

Impact of BRICS on the global scenario

BRICS has been consolidated as an important actor on the international scene. The group represents about 42% of the world’s population and approximately 23% of the global Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

In addition, BRICS has sought to strengthen its influence on international organizations, such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, advocating greater representativeness of emerging countries.

The group has also promoted cooperation in strategic areas such as energy, cyber safety, health and environment. This mutual collaboration has contributed to sustainable development and the reduction of inequalities between member countries.


BRICS represents a strategic partnership between emerging countries that seek to strengthen their economies and increase their global influence. With distinct characteristics and objectives, these nations have worked together to promote cooperation and defend common interests.

The impact of BRICS on the global scenario is increasingly relevant, contributing to the construction of a multipolar and more balanced world. The partnership between Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa has the potential to boost the economic and social development of these countries, as well as promoting cooperation in various strategic areas.

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