HIV Infection

HIV: the infection that still challenges humanity

HIV, an acronym for human immunodeficiency viruses, is one of the biggest challenges faced by humanity in the health field. This infection, which attacks the immune system, has been the subject of intense research and debates over the years.

What is HIV?

HIV is a virus that attacks cells in the immune system, responsible for defending the body against disease. When the virus enters the body, it multiplies and gradually destroys these cells, weakening the immune system and making the individual more susceptible to opportunistic infections and diseases.

How is HIV transmitted?

HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sex, sharing of contaminated syringes, contaminated blood transfusion, mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding, and by direct contact with contaminated blood.

Prevention and Treatment

HIV prevention involves the use of condoms during sex, non -sharing of syringes and needles, the use of blood and safe blood products, as well as the proper treatment for seropositive pregnant women.

HIV treatment consists of the use of antiretroviral drugs, which help control virus replication and preserve immune function. It is important to emphasize that treatment does not heal HIV, but allows people to live with quality of life and reduce the risk of transmission.

  1. Antiretroviral Medicines
  2. Use of condoms
  3. Regular testing for HIV
  4. Education and awareness

Transmission
Prevention
Treatment




Unprotected sex Use of condoms antiretrovirals
Syringe sharing Do not share syringes regular testing
Contaminated blood transfusion Use of safe blood Education and Awareness

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