Ideology What is

What is ideology?

Ideology is a concept that is present in various areas of knowledge, such as philosophy, sociology, politics and psychology. It refers to a set of ideas, beliefs, values ​​and principles that guide the thinking and action of an individual or group.

Origin and Development of the concept

The term “ideology” was created by the French philosopher Antoine Decetutt de Tracy in the late eighteenth century. Initially, he used the term to refer to the study of ideas and mental representations. However, over time, the concept was expanded and also encompassed political and social ideas.


Ideology has some important characteristics. First, it is a set of ideas that seeks to explain and interpret reality. In addition, it is related to power, as ideologies are used to legitimize certain interests and power relations.

Another feature of ideology is its ability to influence people’s thinking and behavior. It can shape the way people see the world, interpret events and make decisions.

Examples of ideologies

There are several ideologies present in society, such as liberalism, socialism, conservatism, feminism, nationalism, among others. Each of these ideologies has its own beliefs, values ​​and principles, which guide the way the following individuals think and act.

  1. Liberalism: Defends individual freedom, private property and free market.
  2. Socialism: seeks social equality and fair distribution of resources.
  3. Conservatism: values ​​tradition, order and authority.
  4. Feminism: Fight for gender equality and end of women’s oppression.
  5. Nationalism: values ​​the national identity and sovereignty of the country.

Main Characteristics

Liberalism Defense of individual freedom and free market
socialism Search for social equality and fair distribution of resources
Conservatism valorization of tradition, order and authority
Feminism Fight for gender equality and end of women’s oppression
nationalism Valuation of the country’s national identity and sovereignty

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