language figure what is

Language Figure: What is it?

Language figures are resources used in language to give more expressiveness and creativity to texts. They are used to convey messages more impactful, arousing emotions and creating images in the mind of the reader or listener.

Main Types of Language Figures

There are several types of language figures, each with its own specific characteristics and purposes. Some of the main types are:

  1. Metaphor: consists of the implicit comparison between two terms without the use of comparative connectors.
  2. metonymia: occurs when using one word to represent another, based on a proximity or association ratio.
  3. Irony: consists of expressing the opposite of what is meant, in a sarcastically or humorous way.
  4. Antithesis: occurs when opposite words or ideas are approached, creating a contrast.
  5. Personification: attributes human characteristics to inanimate or abstract beings.

Examples of Language Figures

Next, some examples of language figures:


Language Figure
Example






metaphor “Your smile is a ray of sunshine.”
metonymy “I’m going to have a coffee.”
irony “What a wonderful day to get stuck in traffic!”
Antithesis “Love is fire that burns without seeing itself.”
Personification “The moon smiled at me.”

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